Freedom of Expression :

Freedom of Expression is one of the most sensitive terms. The term itself when expressed somewhere, initiates a chain of thoughts, philosophical fissions and fusion of ideas in the proto-reactor of our upper cranial chamber which eventually end up with the residue of some good quotations to be expressed as tweets and the main end product which leaves another philosophically radical question ready: freedom of expression, but up to what extent?

It is true that everything in this Universe must have some limit, including Universe and Infinity itself and the Chandrashekhar limit for the mass, along with thoughts and their expressions and the limit that I have here to write on Astrophysics. Most of the Republics across the globe has viable freedom of expression available for their citizens with few countries like India and the US with undefined limits and People’s Republic of China with very strictly limited freedom of expression.

          Chinese however, neither give expressions on their face nor on their newspapers.

My idea about freedom of expression, in this article ranges around Indian idea on history, philosophy and it’s current status. India, since very ancient time had a good sense about the theme of freedom of expression and thoughts which in turn, developed an ideological religion with a number of school of philosophies (Mono, Poly and Atheist) and survived, developed and enriched culture parallel to each other.

Time passed by, as many other schools and then newly developed religions with a larger fold and essence of Hindu and Vedic philosophies developed and later on, imported religions existed with a good sense of secularism. Freedom of expression, we see, thus brings up and idea of free society and secularism with it and must not be poorly and narrowly limited. Artistic representations, paintings, music, lores, literature, epics and mythology et cetera have been a part of it. An idea of expressive freedom of a person, society, culture or a nation can be derived by looking into previously stated terms related to it which can give more realistic and authentic idea than recorded word history, which might also be unreliable and can’t be proved.

More ever, history of the freedom of expression demands a liberal intellectual telescopic site to look through the mist of the time passed, into the space, where thousands of stars of a society’s history shine. Depiction, for an instance can be seen as the liberty to think about the form of the being beyond our realm which actually, is expressed as an image which one has in one’s mind and expression of it expresses the idea, thinking and ideology of the concurrent society, when it was created.

Creativity is the cousin of expressiveness and curiosity plays an important part in the creation of creativity itself. Curiosity will instigate the creation of a better, expressible creativity when it will be expressed and addressed to and through a mind in a society; with a better idea and experience (though not an important factor) of expression.

Freedom of expression has been so free throughout the history and dimensions of time that it never anchored itself down on a particular human expression. In modern time, in a democracy, it matters a lot, holds a great value; unlike it’s historical one but is expressed through different ways of expressions like media, cinema, education, society and it’s orientation, literature, arts, culture, religion, secularism et cetera.

There must be no bar or restriction on the ‘freedom of expression’ but there must be on the way someone expresses it.

Indian constitution and law has awarded the freedom of expression to everyone under it’s umbrella of influence and boundary of reign with freedom of expression. But Indians, in many fields are either unable to use it properly or couldn’t even apply it. Both, either and or have respective examples i.e. Media, Cinema and Education.

Indian media has been awarded with an unlimited freedom of expression (overseen by a Ministry). Indian media so far has been unable to use it properly. It’s not only paid news but the quality of news, unnecessary presentations, mindless and outspoken anchors, noisy and waste debates; has so far been unable to provide what we may call news itself to a common. Now there are a number of private news channels mushrooming at national and local level but none of them could bring a change.

Indians, when find themselves in a comparative dilemma and develops a sense of minute-lasting inferiority which in reverse creates an ultra self-defensive stance, when they or any part of their society is compared to any foreign and better example, regardless to country, be it China, be it the US. The usual scapegoat is the cultural comparision, along with a statement on social behaviour, history, fashion, etiquettes or a racial comments like,

Chinese! The one who eat anything? Communists? And so on.

This momentary nationalism is common and prevalent. So when we compare Indian news channel’s quality to France24, BBC Network or al-Jazeera, in order to improve them, response that springs up is a pure minus.

Education, on the other hand, is not liberal in India. Even in my school, which was a government institution, where freedom of expression was higher though dangerous than private schools (because teacher never gave a shit but if they see you answering anything better than them, you were sent out). However, situation has become a little better though most part is same as before. At the University level, liberalised education is inexistent and invisible as the dark matter.

Mercury rises when University rankings come out. A part advocates Indian Universities are still the best (some claim bad ranks as a western agenda to demoralize Indians) while other (I am in) asks for betterment, liberalization, modernization and infrastructural reforms, even after knowing that it will take years to bring the change, all thanks to the freedom of expression which can be raised outside but intellectually suppressed inside the same educational institutions.

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Pakistan’s Bomb : Sino-Pakistan Pact, Nuclear Security and Strategic Threat to India

Islamic Republic of Pakistan has been booned with two nuclear reactors from it’s claimed Communist, Kokkinos philic Dragon neighbour, People’s Republic of China, to stay in the 4 decades long nuclear proliferation race with it’s arch-rival, Republic of India.

Pakistan has been a controversial state and a non-ideal location to set up any reactor like thing since ever. A country which is torn up from the day it was partitioned and originally was separated from it’s innate rival, India. Pakistan is an ideologically divided, unstable, non-secular, Islamist and extremist state in Southern Asia and since it’s creation is been unable to control it’s entire claimed land area. Tribal area of the North-West; North-Western Frontier Province and Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA), which largely consists of Pathan and Afghan tribal population with almost no government control over it and Swat Valley, Khyber Pakhtunwala in north of Punjab province, a large part of which was administered by Taliban and Tehreek-e-Taliban has been the epicenter of terrorism, illicit opium trade as well as earthquakes at most of the times in South Asia.

         ‘Beijing believes that ‘the enemy of an enemy is a friend.’

Sino-Pakistani relations are more or less based on their mutual strategic interest and rivalary against India. Regime at Beijing believes that the enemy of an enemy is a friend. China has been an avid and strong vocal supporter of Pakistan’s Nuclear Program for which, Pakistan and China adapted Energy Security Plan and China vowed to provide Pakistan with the required material for Nuclear enrichment and proliferation. However, Energy produced by nuclear plants is merely 3.6% as of 2012 in Pakistan. Pakistani government has widely used enriched Uranium to process for Nuclear Weapon Proliferation.

Problem with Pakistan’s Nuclear Weapon Program comes with it’s weak and unstable democratic structure, prone to military coup as well as extremist coup, which may create existential & a nuclear attack threat for itself, it’s neighbours as well as for the US and China. Threat exposed to the world clearly when Pakistani Naval Base in Karachi was infiltrated and attacked by terrorists who were in uniform of Pakistani soldiers, a couple of years ago.

Nuclear technology in Pakistan is vulnerable to threat as democracy, human rights and Malala Yousafzai.

North and North Western Pakistan, which borders with Afghanistan, has become home to various mushrooming terrorist and extremist groups which are self-administering the tribal area and to re-gain control has become a serious challenge for the Pakistani Military, Intelligence and government. It, in recent years has came up as an area for hide outs of most wanted terrorists, birth place of new terrorist groups and confederations, large illegal arm and drug trafficking market with one of the highest number of unreported cases of crime in the world. In Pakistan, apart from these North-Western province, Southern province of Sindh with it’s financial capital, Karachi has been the home of most wanted underworld Mafia in India, Dawood Ibrahim and his gang members with huge influence on post-Musharraf Pakistani government. Jamat-ul-Dawah, a wanted & declared terrorist group is working without any restriction under the umbrella of Inter Service Intelligence or ISI.

Pakistan tried to seek for the civilian nuclear deal with the US, which was later declined by other side. Pakistan in counter measure to Indo-US civilian Nuclear Agreement, Pakistan signed an agreement with China which was against NSGs guidelines and later in June 2008, the Pakistani Government announced plans to build commercial nuclear power plants III and IV commercial nuclear power plants at ChashmaPunjab Province, each with 320–340 MWe and costing PKR 129 billion, 80 billion of this from international sources, principally China.

Recently, Chinese Nuclear Industry Huaxing Construction facilitated the transfer of U.S.-origin atomic covering materials to a nuclear site the firm is constructing in Pakistan. Firm on Monday 14, Oct’13, accepted $2 million in penalties after telling a U.S. court it had plotted to breach rules against selling controlled materials to Pakistan. The company tapped a Chinese third party in attempting to hide the ultimate destination of the goods.